One of the most devastating forms of extreme hostility waged against civilians in the region is conflict-related sexual violence CRSV. While women and girls are often the primary targets, CRSV is also strategically perpetrated against men and boys. Even with all the measures put in place in the region and in CAR, recent and fresh allegations against peacekeepers continually surface.
The UN Secretary-General outlines complex and differential impacts of conflict-related sexual violence, as it remains a tactical tool in the operations and ideology of a range of state actors and non-state armed groups. The report also highlights that a lack of access to economic, social and other resources often puts marginalised communities and groups at greater risk of this violence. As an integral part of the struggle for land and resource-control in conflict-affected countries, sexual violence has devastated the physical and economic security of countless displaced, minority and rural women.
Violence against women VAWalso known as gender-based violence  and sexual and gender-based violence SGBV  are violent acts when they are primarily or exclusively committed against women or girls. Such violence is often considered a form of hate crime committed against women or girls specifically because they are female. VAW has a very long history, though the incidents and intensity of such violence has varied over time and even today varies between societies.
Evan P. Garcia, during the Symposiums opening ceremony. ASEAN Member States should continue undertaking activities to formulate policy recommendations, including the development and implementation of national action plans on women, peace and security in accordance with UN Security Council Resolutionto address the needs of women and children in conflict and post-conflict situations.
This issue is not only devastating for survivors of violence and their families, but also entails significant social and economic costs. In some countries, violence against women is estimated to cost countries up to 3. Failure to address this issue also entails a significant cost for the future.
The creation of the initiative was followed by the Global Summit on Sexual Violence in Conflict Global Summitwhich gathered a broad range of representatives from government, international organisations and experts from civil society. The UK government addresses the issue of sexual exploitation and abuse SEA perpetrated by peacekeeping forces and civilian staff working in conflict zones through a different set of teams and policies. The purpose of this joint review is twofold.
The resolution aims to raise awareness of the need to put an end to conflict-related sexual violence, honour the victims and survivors of sexual violence around the world and pay tribute to those who have devoted their lives to stand up against these crimes. Around the world, the day will be used to condemn sexual violence as a tactic of war and as a barrier to peacebuilding and gender equality. TWO has shown incredible resilience and dedication in responding to the pressing issues facing women in Shan State, Myanmar, including increasing sexual violence and exploitation.
The genealogy of sexual violence in war, inter-war and post-war periods can only be understood through an analysis of the relationship between gender, violence and sexuality. Armed conflicts function as a kind of magnifying glass, making visible definitions of sexual identity constructed through the legitimization of violence. Wartime crimes of sexual violence, viewed until now as limit phenomena characteristic of a state of exception, thus point to regularities whose form and function may vary but whose reference points are rooted in the social expression of power.
We conducted a systematic search of ten databases and extensive grey literature to gather evidence of sex trafficking and sexual exploitation in conflict-affected settings. We focused on sexual exploitation in forms of early or forced marriage, forced combatant sexual exploitation and sexual slavery. We extracted prevalence measures, health outcomes and sexual exploitation terminology definitions.
The investigations conducted show that 43 out of every women affected by the internal armed conflict have been victims of different forms of violence based on their gender. On the basis of firsthand observations and the testimonies received, the Rapporteur has identified four main manifestations of violence that especially affect women within the armed conflict. In this kind of violence, women can be direct targets or collateral victims, as the result of their affective relationships as daughters, mothers, wives, partners or sisters. Second, there exists violence intended to cause the forced displacement of women from their territory and the consequent removal from their homes, daily lives, community and family.